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Name of era: Rashidun Caliphate



Era type: empire

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632
661
The first of the Arab caliphates that was the great Arab empires lasting from the death of Prophet Muhammad to the Ottoman Empire. Its rise is connected to the weakened Roman Empire and the vacuum it created in the middle east region. The era saw the first four caliphs in Islam's history, was founded after Muhammad's death in 632 (Year 10 A.H. in the Islamic calendar). At its height, the Caliphate extended from the Arabian Peninsula, to the Levant, Caucasus and North Africa in the west, to the Iranian highlands and Central Asia in the east. At its greatest extent it was one of the largest empires in history. The very existence of Muhammad is debatable though. This Caliphate started the spread of Arab culture in the middle east and the spreading of Islam.
Country Then: Egypt, North Africa, Mesopotamia
Country Now: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Syria
Weblink: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rashidun_Caliphate Era related to Abu Bakr

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Saladin Salah Ayyub 1138 1193

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Rashidun Caliphate 632 661
Umayyad Caliphate 661 750
Abbasid Caliphate 750 1258

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