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Carl Friedrich Gauss, 1777 - 1825, Holy Roman Empire, Germany


Known as Princeps mathematicorum, or the greatest mathematician since antiquity, was a German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics. Gauss was a child prodigy. There are many anecdotes about his precocity while a toddler, and he made his first ground-breaking mathematical discoveries while still a teenager. He completed Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, his magnum opus, in 1798 at the age of 21, though it was not published until 1801. This work was fundamental in consolidating number theory as a discipline and has shaped the field to the present day. For electrical engineering, his Gauss' law of electrostatics is one of the four Maxwell equations. He is a mathematician who found explanation of many things. His collaboration with Wilhelm Weber was fruitful, and his group lead the discovery of Kirchhoff Current Law (Kirchhoff was Gauss student). Gauss was an ardent perfectionist and a hard worker. He was never a prolific writer, refusing to publish work which he did not consider complete and above criticism. He and Weber is said to made the first telegraph system.
Carl, Friedrich, Gauss
Alternative Name: Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
People type: science
Achievement: Mathamatician, best since Antiquity
Gauss law of electrostatics
1777-04-30
1855-02-23
Holy Roman Empire| | | Published Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, magnum opus| 1798
Started to collaborate with Weber on electricity| 1831
Weblink: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Friedrich_Gauss
Miscellaneous notes: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telegraph
Related to person: Wilhelm Weber
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