IMD
IMD strives to enrich learning experience. IMD provide tools and resources that makes teaching easier and learning more satisfying.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, 1840 - 1893, , Russia


A Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, chamber music, and a choral setting of the Russian Orthodox Divine Liturgy. Some of these are among the most popular theatrical music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, which he bolstered with appearances as a guest conductor later in his career in Europe and the United States. One of these appearances was at the inaugural concert of Carnegie Hall in New York City in 1891. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1884 by Emperor Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension in the late 1880s.Despite his many popular successes, Tchaikovsky's life was punctuated by personal crises and depression. Contributory factors included his leaving his mother for boarding school, his mother's early death, as well as that of his close friend and colleague Nikolai Rubinstein, and the collapse of the one enduring relationship of his adult life, his 13-year association with the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck. His homosexuality, which he kept private, has traditionally also been considered a major factor, though some musicologists now downplay its importance. His sudden death at the age of 53 is generally ascribed to cholera; there is an ongoing debate as to whether it was accidental or self-inflicted. Von Meck eventually paid Tchaikovsky an annual subsidy of 6,000 rubles, which enabled him to concentrate on composition. With this patronage came a relationship that, while remaining epistolary, grew extremely intimate. She suddenly ceased her financial subsidy in 1890 as a result of her own financial difficulties. While there is no evidence she intended to also discontinue her friendship and communication, this was nevertheless brought about through the machinations of her son-in-law, Tchaikovsky's erstwhile student Władysław Pachulski, who had an exalted opinion of his own compositional abilities and was resentful that Tchaikovsky did not share his view. While Tchaikovsky was not in as urgent a need of her money as he had been, her friendship and encouragement had remained an integral part of his emotional life. He remained bewildered and resentful about her absence for the remaining three years of his life, and she was just as distressed about his apparent dropping of her friendship, which she was led to believe was because he had never cared for her personally and he had no further use for her once her subsidy had stopped. This was completely untrue.Tchaikovsky wrote many works that are popular with the classical music public, including his Romeo and Juliet, the 1812 Overture, his three ballets (The Nutcracker, Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty) and Marche Slave.
Pyotr, Ilyich, Tchaikovsky
People type: art
Achievement: Internationally acclaimed Russian composer.
Swan Lake. Nutcrackers.
1840-04-25
1893-10-25
Russian Empire| | | Ilya Petrovich Tchaikovsky, Alexandra Andreyevna n
Weblink: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyotr_Ilyich_Tchaikovsky
*
Click to find people, era, event, milestone that overlap with era

Here is a list of relevant people, milestones, people and events connected by country

Found following people by country name matching: Russia

Ivan III of Russia Ivan III Tsar 1440 1505
Peter I Pyotr Romanov 1672 1725
Catherine II of Russia Catherine Tsar 1729 1796
Alexander I of Russia Alexander Tsar 1777 1825
Alexander II Tsar Alexander Tsar 1818 1881
Leo Tolstoy Lev Tolstoy 1828 1910
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Tchaikovsky 1840 1893
Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin 1870 1924

Found following era name by country matching: Russia

Mongol Attacks on Russia 1223 1480
Grand Principality of Moscow 1283 1547
Russian Empire 1721 1917
Russian Civil War 1917 1922

Found following event by country matching: Russia

Building Modern Winter Palace 1753 1762
Decembrist Revolt 1825 1825
1905 Russian Revolution 1905 1907
1917 Russian Revolution 1917 1917

Found following milestone by country matching: Russia

Russian Emancipation Reform 1861 1861 Russia
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918 Russia